NESA is regularly updating its advice as the coronavirus outbreak unfolds. Get our latest COVID-19 advice

This webpage has been archived to prepare for transfer to the new NESA website. Reference to syllabus outcomes and content on this webpage may not be current. Teachers are encouraged to visit the Key Learning Area page for recent student work samples on the NESA website.

Assessment Resource Centre (ARC)

  1. Stage 2
  2. Science and Technology
  3. Activities
  4. Designing and making a model of a shelter
Print this page Reduce font size Increase font size

Designing and making a model of a shelter

Grade Work Samples
End of Stage 2 (end of Year 4)
Grade B Courtney  
Grade C Ariel   Darcy   Ricky   Bailey   Robyn  
Grade D Bobby   Shannon   Jessie  

Foundation Statement strands

The following strands are covered in this activity:

Designing and Making, The Made Environment

Description of activity

Students design, make and test a model of a shelter that is suitable for the Australian environment.


  1. Students investigate the purpose of a range of shelter designs.
  2. They make a drawing of the design they have selected for a shelter.
  3. Students compare, select and record the materials to be used to make a model of the shelter.
  4. They write and follow the steps in a procedure for the construction of their model.
  5. Students gain experience in using appropriate tools and ways of joining materials for the construction.
  6. They test the shelter to determine its suitability for some environmental factors.
  7. Students review the design, suggesting changes, if necessary, and describe what they have learnt.

Suggested materials

Paper, pencils, a variety of everyday materials eg balsa wood, paddle pop sticks, plastic containers, polystyrene foam, straws, paper, cloth, plastic sheets, string.

Prior learning

This task about designing and making a shelter is a small part of a Science and Technology unit of work that is integrated with learning in HSIE relating to the early settlement of Australia. Students investigate suitable materials and use appropriate tools to design, make and test a shelter.


Built Environments (BE S2.1)
Creates, models and evaluates built environments reflecting consideration of functional and aesthetic factors.
Products and Services (PS S2.5)
Creates and evaluates products and services considering aesthetic and functional factors.
Designing and Making (DM S2.8)
Develops, implements and evaluates ideas using drawings, models and prototypes at appropriate stages of the design process.
Using Technology (UT S2.9)
Selects and uses a range of equipment, computer-based technology, materials and other resources with developing skill to enhance investigation and design tasks.

Criteria for assessing learning

Students will be assessed on their ability to:

  • identify the purpose of a shelter
  • use a drawing to show the design features of a shelter
  • select appropriate materials to make a model of a shelter
  • write a procedure and follow the steps of this procedure to construct the model of the shelter
  • use appropriate tools, materials and joining techniques to make the shelter
  • test the suitability of the shelter
  • evaluate the design process used.
Print this page Reduce font size Increase font size